Charters & Choice

Greater collaboration between school districts and charter
schools is worthwhile so long as the one-size-fits-all approach of a school
board doesn’t dampen the unique characteristics of a charter. Washington D.C.
would seem to have fertile ground for collaboration, done right, given that
D.C. has built a “portfolio” approach to public education in which charters
claim 40 percent of the public school enrollment. But the excitement over a new
report urging the district and charter boards to work together to increase the
supply of high-performing schools can obscure the elements that made D.C. a
proving ground for school choice.

Will the one-size-fits-all approach of a school
board dampen the unique characteristics of a charter?

The report from Midwestern-based
consultant IFF
to D.C. Mayor Vincent C. Gray identifies a need to invest in
more high-performing schools in a cluster of underserved neighborhoods, and it
suggests that D.C.
Public Schools and the
Public Charter School Board can play an equal and complementary role in
fulfilling the task. Despite the release of creative energy in the District in
the last several years, just 1 of...

One critique of school vouchers and tax credit scholarships
that persists is that they direct public money to private schools that
cherry-pick the best students, even if the vouchers target a low-income
population. Now the
redefinED blog has given us a sneak peek
into a soon-to-be-published study
that examines which students select a means-tested private school option, and
why.

Cassandra Hart, an education professor at the University of California,
Davis, conducted
a study of the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship
for low-income students to
take a deeper look at the characteristics of the participants and the public
schools they left. With help from Northwestern
University economist
David Figlio, Hart finds that scholarship recipients not only are among the
lowest performing students who are economically disadvantaged, they came from
public schools that are, she writes, “troubled along a number of dimensions.” (Full disclosure: From 2009 to 2011, I helped
to develop the policy and communications initiatives for the nonprofit that
administers the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship
.)

Significantly, Hart says the students might have been less
likely to use the voucher if they had...

Pedro Noguera’s departure from the State University of New
York charter board isn’t entirely surprising, but it sends another mixed signal
from a self-professed supporter of charter schools who is straining to contain
their expansion.

Just four months ago, Noguera
embraced the complexity of his position
while enduring the jeers of a protest
movement with whom he sorely wanted to find common ground. “I think we need
ways to change and improve our schools, and if charters become one means to do
that, I support it,” he once said. On Wednesday, he
told The New York Times
that the
SUNY board has harbored a political agenda to increase the number of charter
schools and has ultimately hastened inequities between charter and traditional
schools.

Noguera has muddied a debate painfully in need of clarity.

Noguera didn’t contradict his earlier statements as much as
he deserted the complexity of his convictions all too quickly. In doing so, he
has muddied a debate painfully in need of clarity. His resignation highlights
how support for charter school initiatives can weaken when advocates fail to
agree on why...

MBAs are taking on an increasingly visible role in
traditional school districts around the country. Large districts are
multi-billion dollar enterprises, the argument goes, and business-minded people
bring critical skills for managing those organizations efficiently. Many
passionate ed-reformer MBAs believe the b-school set can help combat the
bureaucracy and mismanagement that hurt districts' effectiveness. As a fellow
business school graduate, I'm not so sure.

My first, perhaps obvious, objection is that big
organizations with distinctive professional cultures are incredibly hard to
turn around. This is especially true if you're trying to effect change from the
middle management and special-projects role where many new MBAs find
themselves. Traditional school districts need major changes to their business
models to be on financially sustainable ground and poised to deliver services
in a coming era of increased parental choice and (I hope!) decoupled services.
That's primarily a job for school boards and superintendents.

The problem with the "MBAs to the
rescue" strategy is the conceit that business-school types are
somehow inherently efficiency-minded.

The fundamental problem with the "MBAs to the
rescue" strategy, however, is the conceit that...

In its fourth
annual report
, the National Association of Charter School Authorizers
offers a snapshot of the nation’s charter sponsors, capturing their size, their
shape, and how many schools they open and shutter. For example, the majority of
the nation’s authorizers are local education agencies (52 percent), and an even
greater percentage are small (86 percent authorized fewer than six schools). More
interestingly, charter-closure rates are on the decline. Just 6.2 percent of
the nation’s charter schools up for renewal were shuttered (or non-renewed) in
2010-11, down from 8.8 percent the year before and 12.6 percent in 2008-09.
Unfortunately, NACSA doesn’t link these stats to performance data, meaning that
we can’t know if this trend indicates increased quality of charters, leniency
of authorizers, or political pressures to keep them open. Digging further,
NACSA reports that nonprofit authorizers (like Fordham) represent the smallest
percentage of those that oversee charter schools but employ the most of NACSA’s
own dozen “essential
practices
.” They’ve also closed more schools, on average, than other types
of authorizers (including districts, institutions of higher ed, and independent
chartering boards)....

Lisa Duty

One could argue that 2011 was the
year of “digital learning” in Ohio and across the nation. In September, the
White House announced its “Digital Promise” campaign, while a number of states
have been embracing initiatives and campaigns in this realm, aided and
encouraged by national groups like the Digital Learning Council and the
Foundation for Excellence in Education. Ohio’s biennial budget launched the
Ohio Digital Learning Task Force and charged it with ensuring that the state’s
“legislative environment is conducive to and supportive of the educators and
digital innovators at the heart of this transformation.”

Our two organizations –
KnowledgeWorks and the Thomas B. Fordham Institute – are committed to seeing
Ohio become a leader in the implementation of digital learning opportunities
for the state’s 1.8 million students. Ohio now stands at an important
crossroads and 2012 could be a pivotal year on whether we move forward in the
digital learning environment.

Our state has been a path-breaker
when it comes to availability of full-time e-school options that leverage
technology in learning. In fact, if all 33,000 children currently enrolled in
...

Adam Emerson

Whenever a legislative measure is aimed at the imbalance of
power between parents and public school interests, it’s often the poorest
families who suffer the greatest indignity in the debate.

After Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal proposed a sweeping
voucher program for low-income students, the head of the state’s teachers
union, Michael Walker Jones, told
the New Orleans Times-Picayune

that parents living just out of poverty’s reach would have neither the time nor
the knowledge to make the right educational decisions. In another case, an
Orlando Sentinel editorial
panned
a proposed “parent trigger” bill working its way through the Florida
legislature by asserting that parents in the worst performing schools would be
unable “to face a steep and brief learning curve in making such a game-changing
call.”

So what can a sample of relatively poor families in Mexico
do to inform the conversation? That’s
what a team of researchers set out to explore in several rural Mexican states

participating in a decentralized government education program we might consider
almost revolutionary in the United States.

Paul Gertler, Harry Patrinos, and Marta Rubio-Codina
examined...

Adam Emerson

Are we doing enough to ensure that the charter schools we
open today won’t be the ones we’ll be closing later? Some may argue, as Andy
Rotherham did in the fall
, that we need to embrace risk-taking and consider
that establishing great charter schools means occasionally creating bad ones. Taking
the safe route too often welcomes mediocrity. But that might make greater sense
if charter school authorizers were adopting best practices in the first place.

Taking
the safe route too often welcomes mediocrity.

Many are not, as a report
released today by the National Association of Charter School Authorizers
makes evident.
And widely varying practices means that too many authorizers aren’t making the
right decisions to keep good schools open and bad schools closed, NACSA
president and CEO Greg Richmond said.

Just 6.2 percent of the nation’s charter schools up for
renewal in 2010-11 were closed, down from 8.8 percent the year before and 12.6
percent in 2008-09, according to the report. While the association attributes
the decline to any number of factors – stronger policies regulating charter
oversight, better quality among charters, or...

In a recent New York Times column
about Steve Brill’s Class Warfare: Inside
the Fight to Fix America’s Schools
, Joe
Nocera
, says

“[Y]ou simply cannot fix America’s schools by `scaling’ charter
schools. It won’t work. Charters schools offer proof of the concept that great
teaching is a huge difference-maker, but charters can only absorb a tiny
fraction of the nation’s 50 million public schoolchildren. Real reform has to
go beyond charters – and it has to include the unions. That’s what Brill
figured out.”
Nocera makes the
mistake of confusing pedagogy and governance.

Wrong. Like many education establishmentarians, Nocera makes the
mistake of confusing pedagogy and governance. The former—e.g. great teaching—is
a hard nut to crack and Nocera is right to suggest, as does Brill, that there perhaps
aren’t enough great teachers in the pipeline (or in charter schools) to educate
all 50 million public school students.

But there is certainly no such impediment to `scaling’ charters. Every
public school in America could be a charter school tomorrow if policymakers
would allow it. Would that “fix” America’s schools? Not necessarily. But it...

Adam Emerson

ALECs_17th_Report_Card-1.jpgWhen the Wall Street Journal blessed 2011 as
the Year of School Choice, few advocates for public and private school options
passed up the chance to celebrate the benediction. But the American Legislative
Exchange Council knows that rhapsody will take the education reformer only so
far. ALEC’s latest annual report card on American K-12 education,
released this week, doubles as guidebook for the reformer who prefers “broad,
rather than incremental, reform,” as authors Matthew Ladner and Dan Lips write.
It’s a brazen assignment, but the Journal was right. It’s been a brazen
year.

Moves to enhance tenure reform, merit pay, and transparency
in public school performance all receive praise from ALEC, but it’s the
“roaring comeback of parental choice” that signals the promise for academic
gains. When Ladner and Lips note that low-income students in Washington, D.C.,
have made outsized leaps on the fourth- and eighth-grade NAEP reading and math
exams, they point to an expanded public and private school market, combined
with an audacious array of policy changes that...

Pages