The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction just released the state's preliminary school ratings under the No Child Left Behind act, and a mere 79 schools were found to be "needing improvement." That's about three percent of all public schools in Wisconsin--practically a rounding error! Wisconsin has figured it out. It has virtually no failing schools!

Or wait, maybe the state has just made it almost impossible for schools to be snagged by NCLB's net. As we wrote in The Accountability Illusion:

In a few of the 28 states we studied, such as Wisconsin and Arizona, almost all of the elementary schools in our sample made AYP; in other states, such as Massachusetts and Nevada, almost none did. To put it colloquially, most of the schools in our sample would be considered failures in some states but just fine, even deserving of praise, in others. These are the same exact schools, mind you. Same students. Same teachers. Same achievement. What's different--sometimes drastically different--are the arcane rules that vary from state to state.

Or as we wrote in...

As part of my book research, I've been looking back on the thinking that led to charter schooling.???? An educator named Ray Budde is often credited with originating some of the basic ideas as well as coming up with the name ???????charter schools.???????

This name and the concepts underlying it gained fame in 1988 when AFT president Albert Shanker made a National Press Club speech and wrote a column on the subject.

Two things you might want to check out.???? First, this 1988 report from Minnesota's Citizen League, which organized the various ideas swirling around at the time and turned them into a cogent set of recommendations, which ultimately led to the nation's first charter school law in 1991.

Second, this case study on the development and early years of Minnesota's charter school sector (commissioned by Eduwonk in his PPI days and written by Jon Schroeder).


As you may recall, last week brought news that??math scores were up across the great state of New York.??I responded warily, expressing concern that this development probably was the result of teachers and students getting used to the tests, not that "the kiddos are learning more math."

Joel Klein's folks weren't happy with this take, and??Andy didn't like it either:

NYC just reported significant gains on the measures they're held accountable for: state reading and math scores. Maybe I'm naive, but that seems like more reason for encouragement than cynicism.

I wish Andy were right (I really do!) but check out this??New York Daily News article from yesterday. The headline says it all: "Math exam scores have risen--but it's because tests have gotten easier." Give this a read:

It's the state exam version of grade inflation. Soaring scores on the state math test don't necessarily add up to better schools or smarter kids. That's because it has gotten easier to teach to the test as the questions have gotten easier to predict, a Daily News analysis revealed. And, the


Many people know that then-AFT head Albert Shanker gave a speech at the National Press Club in 1988 floating the idea of what eventually became known as charter schooling. But what was the response of the Reagan administration to this new idea? The following quote comes from the New York Times (April 1, 1988):

"Responding to Mr. Shanker's remarks, William Kristol, chief of staff and counselor to Education Secretary William J Bennett, said the department "didn't have problems" with the proposal, but added, "We think there is lots of evidence that traditional methods are working."

How times change. Bill Kristol as chief of staff to the ED secretary, a national union pushing charter schools, and a Republican administration preferring traditional reforms over school choice.

The Education Gadfly

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Those of us in the education world are used to thinking about "competitive effects" thusly: The public education system will do nothing to reform itself unless forced to do so. So we try to force it to do so by threatening to take away students, dollars, and union members by offering parents options outside of the system (via vouchers, charter schools, etc.). With enough competitive pressure, it is hoped, the system will accept true reform as its least worst option.

Now turn to today's New York Times column by Nobel laureate Paul Krugman. He's talking about health care, and writes: "History shows that the insurance companies will do nothing to reform themselves unless forced to do so."

Sound familiar? Except where does he think that competition should come from? "A public plan that Americans can buy into as an alternative to private insurance."

Now nobody is proposing that Americans be forced to get their insurance from the government. The "public option," if it materializes, will be just that - an option Americans can choose. And the reason for providing this option was clearly laid out in Mr. Obama's letter: It will give Americans "a better range of


This week's Gadfly is a must read. Starting us off are Checker's thoughts on the bankruptcy of the public education system--and it's not just financial insolvency. But unlike the large broke companies who've recently toppled, there is no "Chapter 11" for the school system. That won't stop Arne Duncan, though, who is convinced he can give this industry a fresh start, too. Then, discover how charter schools really pay for performance. Just because they don't follow the positive incentive model, i.e., financial bonuses, that typical teacher merit pay schemes espouse, doesn't mean they don't have an incentive program of their own--or that we should scrap merit pay for traditional public schools. Then, learn more about the 46-state national standards pledge, math-test folly in Minnesota, voucher regulation reform in Milwaukee, the end of Abbott v. Burke, and the silly flip-floppery of a few students in Ohio. Plus, read up on TNTP's evaluation of teacher effectiveness and teacher evaluation systems, how teachers sort themselves according to student demographics, and what we can learn about content standards from our international neighbors. Don't forget the podcast, wherein Rick and Mike...

Ohio is in the midst of a heated debate about the future of school funding. The governor, supported by House Democrats, has presented an "Evidence-Based Model" of school funding that is based largely on the work of professors Allan Odden and Lawrence Picus. This model has been roundly criticized by professor Paul Hill, professor Eric Hanushek, Fordham, and Republicans in the Senate who dismantled the governor's plan in their version of the state biennial budget.

Hanushek and Alfred Lindseth write in their new book on school funding that such evidence-based models are "simply not credible." As an alternative to the evidence-based model, Senate Republicans have proposed moving closer toward a system of school funding that funds the child. This has triggered calls from groups like Education Voters of Ohio for "a list of citations that suggest per-pupil funding does a better job than the evidence-based model in determining what an excellent education looks like."

In response to such calls following is a list of some of the most recent and thoughtful pieces on the advantages of funds following the child:

1)???????????? Facing the Future: Financing Productive Schools from...

The state's Supreme Court has ruled in the stimulus-induced SC civil war:????Sanford loses.

AEI study reports on the????staggeringly low graduation rates????at some US colleges.????

New NYC charter paying teachers $125k to start.

Some info on the WH's new Social Innovation Office.

OK, maybe it just seems that way. ????Clayton Christensen, the renowned Harvard business prof comes down on turnarounds in the same way I do (though he's more sanguine about technology than I am). Here's the best blurb:

Third, don't fund the institutions that are least likely to change. Our research shows that institutions are good at improving what they are structured to do, but that transformative innovations that fundamentally change the trade-off between cost and quality -- disruptive innovations -- come from start-up institutions.