Panelist James Guthrie of Vanderbilt University asked an interesting question that goes beyond the education community: "What do we do when we don't know what to do? What steps do we take when there is no clear technical guidance for policy?"

As explained by Guthrie, the latest School Finance Redesign Project report advocates:

-Specifying desired goals, but making these goals comprehensive enough to avoid goal displacement (i.e. getting side tracked)

-Making sure our measurement systems are aligned with these goals

-Establishing a comprehensive information system

-Determinig better methods of what works

-Putting the resources near those who deliver services

-Dismantling the current incentive system, which rewards getting as far...

Right now, Amber, Suzannah and I are at the National Press Club for the University of Washington School Finance Redesign Project's conclusionary panel. The report being released is the product of five years of work. The basic premise: schools will never provide quality education if the funding system is broken. Jacob Adams, the panel moderator, says the question to ask is: How can we translate resources into results?

It's going to start with understanding that the school system today is not structured to support ambitious learning goals and then reform the complicated and opaque finance system operations.

To do this, we must answer the following questions:

-How can we effectively deliver, manage and account for dollars?

-What can we do right now?

-How can the policy community support what's going on in schools?

-How can we learn more about school finance to continue...

You read that right: Kudos to the NEA. According to the Wall Street Journal editorial page, the teachers union and its California affiliate have coughed up $1.25 million to defeat an anti-gay marriage initiative in the Golden State. This is welcome news for two reasons. First, gay marriage is a good idea. (Not that you care what an education wonk thinks about gay marriage, but hey, what's a blog for?) And second, that's $1.25 million that won't be supporting the NEA's typical nefarious work of combating every promising education reform proposal known to man. It's a real win-win!

* Mike Antonucci says it was just the California Teachers Association that donated. Well darn, I wanted to praise the NEA for something....

Don Soifer of the Lexington Institute provides some interesting background on the portfolio issue, and why this wonky topic matters.

I really enjoy Andy Rotherham as a colleague and friend (you know, the way Joe Biden loves John McCain), but in this recent post he sounds an awful lot like Greg Marmalard, the Omega President in Animal House who thinks he's smarter than everyone else.

First some background. Last week, Andy and Sara Mead released a Brookings Institution report that called for a new federal role in supporting education entrepreneurs. At the release event, in an Education Week story, and in this post, I criticized Andy and Sara for failing to learn key lessons from the No Child Left Behind experience. Specifically, I found them to be overly optimistic that the feds would be able to convince states and locals to remove obstacles to education entrepreneurs (Jay Greene thinks so too)*; those of us in the Bush Administration sure did try our darndest to do this, particularly in the case of NCLB's public school choice and supplemental services provisions, to no avail. That's because, as I argued, the feds have few tools to coerce states and districts to do things they...

Laura Pohl

Today's Friday, which means there's a pretty good chance your child is being taught by a substitute teacher. According to this new study by the Center for American Progress, public school teachers are more likely to be absent on Mondays and Fridays, and on any given day one in 20 teachers is out. Their absences add up to $4 billion a year in substitute teacher payments and associated administrative costs. USA Today's Greg Toppo reports that study author Raegan Miller suggests paying teachers for unused sick leave. Read more of the study here and read Greg's report here.

If you think that parsing Obama's portfolio policy is difficult, what to make of the conflicting signals over Teach For America? On the one hand, Barack Obama has praised Michelle Rhee, the poster-child for Teach For America's impact on American education. Several of his advisors are drawn from the group's alumni and friends. And as I mentioned last week, as far as I can tell, almost 100 percent of the TFAers I know are pulling for Obama to win.

So why on earth is the campaign allowing Linda Darling-Hammond to play surrogate for the Senator and say nasty things about TFA in high-profile events? See for yourself; check out Vaishali Honawar's Teacher Beat post about Tuesday night's Education Week debate and scroll down to the YouTube clip about TFA. You'll hear Lisa Graham Keegan of the McCain campaign promoting the program and LDH attacking it, arguing that it's not the way to "build the profession."

Believe me, we had plenty of policy disagreements within the Bush Administration too (see here, for example). And when they weren't resolved, they festered, and policymaking suffered. Someone--probably Barack Obama himself--is going to have...

Not everyone votes their pocketbook, but if they did, these education leaders would be pulling the lever for John McCain. That's because each one makes $250,000 or more per year:

Joel Klein, New York City Chancellor???????????????????????????????? $250,000 (as of 2005)

John Wilson, NEA Executive Director?????????????????????????????? $258,000 (as of 2005)

Michelle Rhee, D.C. Schools Chancellor???????????????????????? $275,000 (as of 2007)

Alberto Cavalho, Miami-Dade Superintendent???? $275,000 (as of 2008)

Jack Dale, Fairfax Co. (VA) Superintendent???????????? $280,000 (as of 2007)

Arlene Ackerman, Philadelphia Superintendent?? $325,000 (as of 2008)

Randi Weingarten, President, AFT and UFT?????????????? $600,000* $350,000** (as of 2008)

* Update (3:37 p.m.): I just heard from "Janet" in the AFT's press operation, accusing me of "making up" this figure. Not true! If you follow the link, it goes to??Mike Antonucci's??Education Intelligence Agency, where he reports that Randi planned to draw??salaries from both the AFT and UFT. Janet insists otherwise and is working on getting me documentation. She thinks Randi's true salary is in the $350,000 range.??I will make that change when I get confirmation. ??

** Confirmation received. Readers will note that I've now received blog-related calls from both Randi...

Amy Fagan

That's one heck of a tough question that the next president - whether McCain or Obama - will eventually have to answer. Fordham's Mike Petrilli is trying to help out with a few suggestions. In an op-ed in the Washington Times today he tells leaders to "turn NCLB on its head." He suggests they loosen parts of the law that are excessively tight and tighten parts that are way too loose. Sound like a bad prom dress from the 80s? Not exactly. He lays out a very interesting solution. Mike writes:

Right now, NCLB micromanages the formula and timelines by which schools are labeled and sanctioned, yet it allows states total discretion over the academic standards and tests used to judge schools (and kids) in the first place. These should be flipped. Provide incentives for states to sign up for rigorous nationwide (not federal) standards and tests. Make the results of this testing publicly available, sliced every which way by school and group. But then allow states and districts (or private entities, such as to devise their own school labels and ratings - and let them decide what to do with schools that need help....

That's right, the Gadfly is on top of its game this week. First you'll find Mike responding to the newly minted "Portfoliogate." Does Obama support portfolios as an alternate form of testing or is his still amorphous position on education in general the lesson of the day? Then you'll find a heap of Recommended Readings and Short Reviews (Gadfly was a bit of a bookworm this week--kind of like Rick Hess, who we learned via??the podcast??apparently lives under a rock, eschewing news sources in favor of their heavier leather-bound brethren). So what was on our reading list? Well the new report from AIR caught our attention, as well as the recent report on Australia from OECD. We also bemoaned the sad decision of some districts to move polling places out of schools and expressed our doubt, again, about??the first results of student pay programs. And last but certainly not least, don't miss the plethora of announcements, which are certainly worth a gander! Watch out, in particular, for our newest report... "A Byte at the Apple:??Rethinking Education Data for the Post-NCLB Era."

We know you were waiting with bated breath. All this...