I'm just going to assume that the last couple paragraphs of Jay Mathews's column today are tongue in cheek. He thinks that the word "paternalism" is loaded enough that it has a negative effect on the largely positive work of attitudinal schools like KIPP and its ilk. Fine. He wants to have a competition to replace the word "paternalism" with something a little less loaded. Fine. But then we get this:

Among other things, the label makes these inner-city successes sound like a guy thing, when in fact many of their principals and most of their teachers are women.

I'm stumped. Is this a joke? I wish I could be generous and assume that Jay's intentions were innocent, na??ve even, but then I got to this:

Although I don't think it is such a hot name either, maternalistic schools works better for me than paternalistic. The ones I have looked at energetically recruit and train teachers who will give their small campuses a family feeling, with firm rules for behavior but warmth and respect for each child, more Meryl Streep than Robert De Niro, more Laura Bush than George Patton.

Wow, Jay, stereotype much? After we get...

At least that's how I imagine it. As displaced students return to the Big Easy, the 2008-2009 school year will prove to be mighty interesting. Since Katrina washed away the school system, New Orleans is in a unique situation: it gets to start from scratch. And while "scratch" also includes a host of hurricane-induced problems (post-traumatic stress, homelessness etc.) it also means that more than 50 percent of schools are either new or converted charters. This is good news. The Times-Picayune reports that schools are competing for students , encouraged by reform minded superintendent Paul Vallas. And while the bad will sprout up with the good, there is neither the infrastructure nor the extra cash to keep the failed schools open. Paul Tough takes to the pages of the New York Times Magazine to expound upon the attitudes of young reformer-principals, teachers, and administrators--all of whom know that this is a boom or bust year. A veritable army of 20- and 30-somethings have descended on New Orleans with their market values. To top it off, millions of recovery cash dollars are being spent on school building renovations and construction to support this growth....

Jay Greene, no lefty he, doesn't like the "paternalism" label either. He writes in an email:

Paternalism is the wrong word for this.?? Paternalism would be doing a fatherly (root: pater) thing without the recipient wanting it.?? But in the case of KIPP, the parents have chosen the school in part because they emphasize these values.?? That is, the recipient (the family) chose KIPP at least in part because they emphasized these values that the family wanted emphasized.

This case also shows how there is no value-free education.?? Education is an extension of child-rearing and the values in a school should be the values that the family would want.?? Any school that tries to avoid emphasizing values is in fact emphasizing values--just not the ones they may have wanted.

I don't think Jay's right that "paternalism" always implies that recipients are being forced to do something against their will. Whitman distinguishes the "old paternalism"--where this stereotype might fit--from a "new paternalism" that is more benevolent. Consider policies that allow individuals with gambling addictions to voluntarily place themselves on lists to be barred from entering casinos. It's voluntary and it's paternalistic.


Liam Julian

Much of the disagreement caused by the use of the term paternalism in David Whitman's new book stems, I think, from a reticence to acknowledge reality. That's unfortunate--education policy already suffers from a dearth of invested persons willing to call things what they are.

Take, for instance, the reluctance of Eric Adler, who co-founded the SEED School, to have paternalism in any way attached to his institution. Whitman writes:

Eric Adler, cofounder of the SEED School in Washington, D.C., argues that calling a school paternalistic implies that its staff is asserting that it "knows better than others--like parents or the neighborhood"--which values schools should transmit. "I don't think SEED asserts that we ???know better,' we just assert that we have more resources with which to teach."

I get it. Adler has no reason to ascent to the labeling of his school as paternalistic and every reason to rebut it. But his statement is untrue. SEED (where students are held to rigid standards of discipline and conduct, and where they live for five days a week) is inarguably asserting, albeit implicitly, that it "knows better." SEED is not set up to complement the values of its students' neighborhoods;...

Today Fordham proudly releases David Whitman's latest book, Sweating the Small Stuff: Inner-City Schools and the New Paternalism. (We don't subscribe to the Bush Administration's maxim that, "from a marketing point of view, you don't introduce new products in August." After all, it's back-to-school time!)

The book is now available via Amazon, but if you want to dig in right away, read this Gadfly editorial by Checker Finn and Marci Kanstoroom or, even better, print out and read this Education Next excerpt. Here's the heart of Whitman's argument (who is, by the way, a freelance journalist and former senior writer at U.S. News & World Report):

Above all, these schools [American Indian Public Charter School, Amistad Academy, Cristo Rey, KIPP, SEED, and University Park Campus School] share a trait that has been largely ignored by education researchers: They are paternalistic institutions. By paternalistic I mean that each of the six schools is a highly prescriptive institution that teaches students not just how to think, but also how to act according to what are commonly termed traditional, middle-class values.


You know a debate has gone negative when the biblical references come out. As reported by this riveting Washington Post article , Washington, D.C.'s teachers are in the middle of an all-out generational war over Chancellor Michelle Rhee's proposal to offer dramatically higher pay to instructors who boost student achievement and are willing to give up tenure. For the veteran teachers, here's Jerome Blocks, 59:

"It's degrading and insulting," said Brocks, to ask that teachers give up tenure and go on probation for a year if they choose the more lucrative of the two salary tiers under the plan, which is at the center of contract negotiations between the city and the Washington Teachers' Union.

He said that Rhee wants only to purge older teachers and that for instructors to sell out hard-won protections against arbitrary or unfair dismissal is unthinkable.

"For Michelle Rhee or anyone to ask that is like Judas and 30 pieces of silver."

Um, Mr. Brocks, the proposal wouldn't require any veteran teachers to opt in to the performance-based plan, nor would it allow any teacher to sell out any other teacher. So please explain the Judas analogy?


Gadfly Studios

Another day, another stirring rendition of the Finnish national anthem, another taste of utter defeat for the Americans. Where did the United States go wrong?

Education Olympics Today tries to answer that question in an EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW. Today, the United States Education Olympics Committee's very own Deep Throat speaks out.

Not content to have already won four Education Olympics medals, Taiwan (Chinese Taipei according to the Chinese government) is calling for an overhaul of its secondary education system! The Taipei Times reports that Premier Liu Chao-shiuan wants to see a plan in the next four weeks on how to improve exit exam scores of graduating students.

No, I'm not kidding.

The insatiable Sol Stern is back with another broadside on the Bloomberg/Klein administration. This time he takes the Gotham group to task for poor decisions and faulty leadership on reading.

New York City's 2002 shift to mayoral control of the schools created a unique opportunity.... Introducing his education-reform plan... Mayor Michael Bloomberg said that schools in the past had enjoyed too much autonomy, with "a baffling profusion of approaches to teaching the three Rs throughout the city." Now, there would be "one, unified, focused, streamlined chain of command [and] the Chancellor's office will dictate the curriculum and pedagogical methods." The mayor promised that reading instruction in the early grades would "employ strategies proven to work," including "a daily focus on phonics."

But in a tragically mistaken policy decision, Klein went in the opposite direction on reading, franchising out most instructional decisions to a group of progressive educators who regarded it as a crime to teach children how to read through scripted phonics programs. Under the influence of his deputy chancellor for teaching and learning, Diana Lam, Klein chose an approach called Balanced Literacy for the system's core reading program starting in September 2003. The city's version of